The twenty-first century promises to be a new age of migration. Intensifying international migration pressures present many societies with major policy dilemmas; most countries of the world are becoming more multiculrtural, multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-lingual. These changes challenge governments and civil socitey to accommodate and gain from this diversity in ways which promote peace and respect for human rights. One in every fifty human beings - more thatn 150 million persons - live outside their countries of origin as migrants or refugees. They are highly vulnerable to racism, xenophobia and discrimination.