Determining Labour Shortages and the Need for Labour Migration from Third Countries in Austria

Number of Pages: 
76
Year: 
2015
Available in German
Electronic copy only
Description: 

The study provides an overview of national labour migration policies and analyses whether they are linked to identified labour shortages, and, if so, in what way. It further investigates the instruments used to identify labour shortages and the need for labour migration, such as lists of shortage occupations. A special focus in this regard is placed on the role of the social partners. This is followed by a presentation of the results of the application of those instruments, i.e. current labour shortages and the need for labour migration in Austria.

Table of contents: 
  • 1. INTRODUCTION
    • 1.1 Study Background
    • 1.2 Definitions
    • 1.3 Methodology
  • 2. AUSTRIAN LABOUR MIGRATION POLICY
    • 2.1 Institutional and Legal Framework
    • 2.2 Migration as Response to Labour Shortages
      • 2.2.1 Historical Summary
      • 2.2.2 Discussion among Policymakers and in the Media
    • 2.3 Instruments for Managing Labour Migration
      • 2.3.1 Contingents
      • 2.3.2 Quotas
      • 2.3.3 Point System
      • 2.3.4 Labour Market Test
      • 2.3.5 Other Instruments
  • 3. LABOUR SHORTAGES AND THE NEED FOR LABOUR MIGRATION
    • 3.1 Definition and Classification
      • 3.1.1 The Definition of Labour Shortage
      • 3.1.2 The Role of the Social Partners
      • 3.1.3 Short-Term versus Long-Term Labour Shortage
      • 3.1.4 Cyclical versus Structural Labour Shortage
    • 3.2 Identification Instruments
      • 3.2.1 List of Shortage Occupations
      • 3.2.2 Other Instruments
    • 3.3 Current Results of Applying Instruments
  • 4. MONITORING MIGRATION POLICY IN RELATION TO LABOUR SHORTAGES
    • 4.1 Monitoring Mechanisms
    • 4.2 Mechanisms for Evaluating Intra-EU Mobility
    • 4.3 Example: The Evaluation of the Red-White-Red Card
  • 5. CONCLUSIONS
  • ANNEX
    • A.1 Statistics
    • A.2 List of Translations and Abbreviations
    • A.3 Bibliography