The Causes and Consequences of Re-trafficking: Evidence from the IOM Human Trafficking Database

Number of Pages: 
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Although there is consensus among different actors regarding the seriousness and significance of re-trafficking as a problem, there has been very little research conducted into its incidence, cause or consequence. This research paper, funded by United States Department of State Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking (G/TIP), aims to address this gap through an exploratory analysis of known re-trafficking cases in the Human Trafficking Database of the International Organization for Migration. It is a rare look at the issue of re-trafficking, drawing upon a regional sample of 79 known cases of re-trafficking in the database.

The report examines a number of factors a means to better understand and tackle the issue of re-trafficking. These include the individual characteristics of (re-)trafficking victims, their experiences during and post-exit from trafficking, issues on return to their country of origin, and assistance and reintegration needs.

The report findings reveal that many existing reintegration programmes for victims of trafficking are not effectively tackling the economic realities faced by victims post-rescue. Assistance options should be better tailored to address the complex needs of trafficked persons if re-trafficking is to be avoided. The report offers a number of recommendations, concluding that only by finding sustainable ways to challenge the wider economic inequalities, both global and local, can counter-trafficking efforts be truly effective.

Table of contents: 
  • Acknowledgements
  • List of Tables and Figures
  • List of Acronyms
  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Evidence of Re-trafficking in the IOM Human Trafficking Database
  • Characteristics of Victims of Trafficking
  • Trafficking and Re-trafficking Experiences
  • Assistance and Reintegration
  • Conclusion and Recommendations
  • References
  • Endnotes

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